Portland, which is now the largest city in the state, saw very meager growth in the decade that preceded the 1930 census. The 2.2 percent change in population left the city with a population of 70,810. The state as a whole counted 797,428 people, which meant that this city attributed just over eight and half percent of the total population.
The population of Maine had risen again, but the percentage of growth was nowhere near the nation's average. The reported number of residents in that year was 768,014. The state also fell short in the percentage of residents under the age of five as compared to the country as a whole. The states percentage was 9.8, whereas the five year and younger crowd in the country accounted for nearly eleven percent of the population.
In 1910, Maine had a reported 742,371 residents. That meant a growth rate of less than seven and a half percent in ten years. There were more men (ten years and over) found to be illiterate according to the census in this year than women. Just fewer than five percent of men were considered to be so, whereas just over three percent of females were.
Maine census records from 1900 acknowledged an important fact about the state. Though it could not brag the hefty increases in population of other states in the nation, it did educate its residents. It was reported that 119,976, of the 691,466 individuals living in the state at the time, were attending school.
With just sixteen counties in the state of Maine, the smallest population was recorded in Piscataqnis, which came in at 16,134 residents. That was still about two and a half percent of the overall population, recorded on Maine census records as 661,086 people in 1890.
The growth of this state's population was happening at a snail's pace compared to other states in the nation, but there was growth reported on the 1880 census. The number of individuals residing within state lines was recorded as 648,936. The people that had forged their way to this state had not yet made it into the mountainous regions. Instead, all could be found in areas at or up to two thousand feet above sea level.
It was not often in the nineteenth century that a state reported a loss in population from one decade to the next, but Maine did just that in 1870. The total number of residents in the state had fallen by thirty-two to come in at 626,915 people. Though it was not a substantial loss, it was a drop in population, which was not common.
The population was reported as 628,279 Maine residents in 1860. That was broken down on the census report. There were 626,947 white males and females reported that year, 1327 blacks, and five Native Americans.
Though still early in American History, the state of Maine was able to weigh in on the 1850 Census with a total population of 583,169 people. In that year there were 13,995 births and more than seventy-five hundred deaths. There were also forty-eight hundred eighty-six marriages recorded.
The total population of Maine in 1840 was 501,793 people. Of those, 101,630 were employed in agriculture. However, perhaps surprisingly, just 10,091 were working in navigation of the sea. Another 539 were navigating the rivers, streams and lakes of the state.
The Maine State Archives provide historical Maine census information. These are an important part of the historical record and can be accessed on microfilm. Records are available for 1790-1930, except for the 1890 records, which were destroyed by fire. Copies can be ordered from the State Archives for a set fee.
The Maine State Data Center helps to maintain Maine census information. When you log on, you can see a countdown to the Census, along with the answers to frequently asked questions about the event and a tool to access commonly searched information. You can also see employment opportunities that are available for the 2010 Federal Census.
Fogler Library provides population information online using data that was gathered during the census. From the start page, you can perform searches, access the FAQs section, see maps, and find out more about the project itself. The website provides Louisiana census information up to and including the 2000 Census, but currently there is no ability for users to download the information.