Indiana's 36,045 square miles were becoming increasingly occupied by the 1930 census. There were now 3,238,503 people living in the state, which was a ten and a half percent increase in population since the decade before and meant that there were nearly ninety people per square mile.
The population made a jump over the ten year period leading up to this census year by 229,514 people. That made the total count on 1920 Indiana census records equals 2,930,390 residents. As with many of the other states in the nation, Indiana reported large numbers of Canadian- and Mexican- born individuals. There were over five-thousand of Canadian descent and 686 from Mexico. Another interesting fact was that one hundred thirty-three of the residents counted were born at sea.
The number of individuals that called the state home in 1910 surpassed the two and a half million mark. The total reached 2,700,876 residents. As the countrymen were becoming more mobile, the census found that more individuals were moving away from the states where they had been born. 774,171 had moved away from their birthplace in Indiana.
The population grew by approximately fourteen and a half percent in the decade preceding this count. The total number of Indiana residents now totaled 2,516,462. Though many were still illiterate- 90,539 individuals to be exact- the percentage was relatively low in comparison to some of the other states in the union, at just three and a half percent.
The Indiana borders were now becoming more tightly filled. Though there was still plenty of room for inhabitants to make a home for themselves, the new population totaling 2,192,404 meant that there were officially more than sixty-one people per square mile.
In 1880, Indiana census records reported 1,978,301 people living within the state's borders. Though inland, the state was so devoid of highland that the entire population lived between one hundred and one thousand feet above sea level.
Of the total population, which reached1,680,637 in 1870, a large percentage were considered of "working age." Those ten years of age and older totaled 1,197,936 people. Of those, however, just 459,369 or less than thirty-nine percent of that total were reported to be actual laborers.
The Indiana population had toppled the one million mark in the years since the last decade's census. The total number of residents reached 1,350,428. Of those, the total number of native born residents was reported as 1,232,144- 171,245 reported being born in Ohio and 68,588 in Kentucky.
The largest county was Wayne County. It reported a population of over twenty-five thousand residents, which accounted for just over two and a half percent of the state population, which reached 988,416 that year. The people had remained widely spread.
The total population of the state in this early point in American History was 685,866 residents. Of those, forty-four were white men over 100 years of age. Nine white women, eight free black men, and two free black women had reached the same impressive mark. There were only three slaves in the entire state, none of which neared the one hundred year old mark.
The Indiana State Archives has a page directing users to where they can find Indiana census information. The Archives do not keep copies of the regular Federal Census, but you can order copies from the Indiana State Library. The Archives provide links on their sites for free online sources for indexes to search for information. The Archives do maintain Special Census schedules on microfilm. You can view these in person in their reading room.
The Indiana State Library provides access to Indiana census information. Users can access information from censuses taken in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The library also provides links to blank forms to make organizing data easier, as well as an in depth description of the Soundex Indexing System works. A Soundex converter is also available to make searches easier.